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BS ISO 6502:2016 pdf free

BS ISO 6502:2016 pdf free.Rubber- Guide to the use of curemeters
The properties of a rubber compound change during the course of vulcanization, and the vulcanization characteristics can be determined by measuring properties as a function of time and temperature.
Vulcanization characteristics are most commonly determined using instruments known as curemeters in which a cyclic stress or strain is applied to a test piece and the associated strain or force is measured. Normally, the test is carried out at a predetermined constant temperature and the measure of stiffness recorded continuously as a function of time.
The stiffness of the rubber increases as vulcanization proceeds. Vulcanization is complete when the recorded stiffness rises to a plateau value or to a maximum and then declines (see Figure 1). In the latter case, the decrease in stiffness is caused by reversion. In cases where the recorded stiffness continues to rise (marching-modulus cure), vulcanization is deemed to be complete after a specified time. The time required to obtain a vulcanization curve is a function of the test temperature and the characteristics of the rubber compound. Curves analogous to Figure 1 are obtained for a curemeter in which strain is measured.
Suitable means should be employed by design of dies or otherwise to apply pressure to the test piece throughout the test to minimize slippage between the disc and the rubber. A positive pressure is also important to exclude air which might affect the cure of, for example, peroxide-cured rubbers and to prevent any tendency for the rubber to become porous.
The dimensions of the die cavity may be checked by measuring the dimensions of the vulcanized test piece. For biconical-die rotorless curemeters, particular attention should be paid to the thin central portion, the thickness of which depends on the die gap. For oscillating- disc curemeters, the vulcanized test piece should be cut in half and checked to see that it is symmetrical. Any asymmetry indicates that the rotor height has been set incorrectly.
The dimensions of the cavity and of the vulcanized test piece will not be identical because of the effect of mould shrinkage.BS ISO 6502 pdf download.

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