Home>ISO Standards>BS ISO 13909-3:2016 pdf free

BS ISO 13909-3:2016 pdf free

BS ISO 13909-3:2016 pdf free.Hard coal and coke一Mechanical sampling一Coal一Sampling from stationary lots
In all methods of sampling, sample preparation and analysis, errors are incurred and the experimental results obtained from such methods for any given parameter will deviate from the true value of that parameter. While the absolute deviation of a single result from the “true” value cannot be determined,it is possible to make an estimate of the precision of the experimental results. This is the closeness with which the results of a series of measurements made on the same coal agree among themselves.
It is possible to design a sampling scheme by which, in principle, an arbitrary level of precision can be achieved.
The required overall precision for a lot is normally agreed between the parties concerned. In the absence of such agreement, a value of one tenth of the ash content may be assumed up to 10 % ash,subject to a maximum of 1 % absolute for ash contents above 10 %.
The number of increments taken from a lot in order to achieve a particular precision is a function of the variability of the quality of the coal in the lot, irrespective of the mass of the lot. The lot may be sampled as a whole, resulting in one sample, or divided into a number of sub-lots resulting in a sample from each.Such division may be necessary in order to achieve the required precision, and the necessary number of sub-lots shall be calculated using the procedure given in
Another important reason for dividing the lot is to maintain the integrity of the sample, i.e. to avoid bias after taking the increment, particularly in order to minimize loss of moisture due to standing. The need to do this is dependent on factors such as the time taken to collect samples, ambient temperature and humidity conditions, the ease of keeping the sample in sealed containers during collection and the particle size of the coal. It is recommended that, if moisture loss is suspected, a bias test be carried out to compare the quality of a reference sample immediately after extraction with the sample after standing for the normal time. If bias is found, the sample standing time should be reduced by collecting samples more frequently, i.e. increasing the number of sub-lots.BS ISO 13909-3 pdf free.

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